How to Tell If a Particular Memory Is True or False
Perspectives on Psychological Science, Volume 4, Issue 4, Pages 370-374
Daniel M. Bernstein and Elizabeth F. Loftus
How can you tell if a particular memory belonging to you or someone else is true or false? Cognitive scientists use a variety of techniques to measure groups of memories, whereas police, lawyers, and other researchers use procedures to determine whether an individual can be believed or not. We discuss evidence from behavioral and neuroimaging studies and research on lying that have attempted to distinguish true from false memories.